Hemoglobin Level Chart
What is hemoglobin (HB, HBG)?
Hemoglobin is the fundamental piece of red blood cells (RBC), which carry oxygen all around the body. If the hemoglobin level is too low, this process can be impaired, leading to a lower level of oxygen in the body. The hemoglobin in the blood carries oxygen from the respiratory organs (lungs or gills) to the rest of the body (ie tissues). It releases oxygen to allow aerobic respiration to power the functions of an organism called metabolism. A healthy hemoglobin level depends on the good nutritious diet and regular exercise.
An essential element for blood production. About 70 percent of the body’s iron is found in the red blood cells of the blood called hemoglobin and in muscle cells called myoglobin.
A term that means lower than normal levels of red blood cells or hemoglobin in the blood. The word is derived from the Greek word anamia, which means anemia.
Symptoms of anemia often include:
- pale skin
- Pain in chest
- Shortness of breath
- restless legs syndrome
(Widely accepted general hemoglobin count range by physicians)
- Birth: 13.5 to 24.0 g / dl (means 16.5 g / dl)
- <1 mth: 10.0 to 20.0 g / dl (means 13.9 g / dl)
- 1-2 spells: 10.0 to 18.0 g / dL (means 11.2 g / dL)
- 2-6 months: 9.5 to 14.0 g / dL (mean 12.6 g / dL)
- 0.5 to 2 years: 10.5 to 13.5 g / dL (means 12.0 g / dL)
- 2 to 6 years: 11.5 to 13.5 g / dL (means 12.5 g / dL)
- 6-12 years: 11.5 to 15.5 g / dl (means 13.5)
- Age 12-18 years: 12.0 to 16.0 g / dl (means 14.0 g / dl)
- Age> 18 years: 12.1 to 15.1 g / dl (means 14.0 g / dl)
- 12-18 years: 13.0 to 16.0 g / dl (means 14.5 g / dl)
- > 18 years: 13.6 to 17.7 g / dl (means 15.5 g / dl)
A slightly lower hemoglobin count is not always a sign of the disease, it may be normal for some people. Women who are usually pregnant have lower hemoglobin content. A low hemoglobin level count is generally defined as less than 13.5 grams of hemoglobin per dl (135 g per liter) for men and 12 g per dl (120 g per liter) for women. In children, the definition varies with age and gender.
Diseases and conditions that cause less production of red blood cells in your body:
- lead poisoning
- aplastic anemia
- multiple myeloma
- Some medicines
- iron deficiency anemia
- chronic kidney disease
- non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
- Vitamin deficiency anemia
- Myeloidplastic syndrome
- Hypothyroidism (less active thyroid)
- Hodgkin lymphoma (Hodgkin’s disease)
- Blood loss from internal bleeding (internal or external)
Iron is a mineral required to make healthy red blood cells and hemoglobin. A low iron level can make you feel tired, and a very low iron level can cause damage to organs. Not eating foods rich in iron, donating blood too often, chronic disease or other invisible causes can lead to low blood count. The daily requirement of iron can often be attained by taking iron supplements. Iron sulfate 325 mg, taken orally once a day, and by eating foods high in iron. Foods high in vitamin C are also recommended because vitamin C helps your body absorb iron.
Foods with high iron levels include:
- Bean sprouts
- Brussel sprouts
- The chicken
- green beans
- Greens, all types
- The lamb
- thin flesh
- Lima beans
High hemoglobin level
High hemoglobin level is mainly due to low oxygen level (hypoxia) in the blood, which is present for a long time. Reasons for a high hemoglobin level include:
- Severe COPD
- Heavy smoking
- polycythemia vera
- Excessive vomiting
- Stay high
- Extreme physical exercise
- Right side failure
- Heart defects present at birth.
- Fear or thickening of lungs (pulmonary fibrosis) and other serious lung disorders
- Rare bone marrow diseases that cause abnormal increases in blood cell count (polycythemia vera)